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Diabetes Mellitus


  • It was noted in the Philippines (2008) that 1 out of every 5 (or 20%) adult Filipinos is diabetic and compared to 10 years ago, more Filipino children may now be at risk of contracting diabetes because of the growing cases of childhood obesity.

  • Furthermore, 3 out of 5 (or 60%) adults may already be diabetic or on the verge of becoming one(pre-diabetic) unless they change their lifestyle

  • Death from the disease among people above 20 years of age will hit 301 million by 2025, of which 226 million will come from developing countries like the Philippines.

  • Diabetes is a condition where the blood sugar level is higher than normal.

Risk Factors:

If any of the following risks factors apply, you should be tested earlier and/or more often.

Being:

  • A member of a high-risk group (Aboriginal, Hispanic, Asian, South Asian or African descent)
  • Overweight (especially if you carry most of your weight around your middle)

 

Having:

  • A parent, brother or sister with diabetes
  • Health complications that are associated with diabete
  • Given birth to a baby that weighed more than 4 kg (9 lb)
  • Had gestational diabetes (diabetes during pregnancy)
  • Impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting glucose
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol or other fats in the blood
  • Been diagnosed with polycystic ovary syndrome, acanthosisnigricans (darkened patches of skin), or schizophrenia

 

Signs and Symptoms


  • Unusual thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Weight change (gain or loss)
  • Extreme fatigue or lack of energy
  • Blurred vision
  • Frequent or recurring infections
  • Cuts and bruises that are slow to heal
  • Tingling or numbness in the hands or feet
  • Trouble getting or maintaining an erection
  • It is important to recognize, however, that many people who have type 2 diabetes may display no symptoms.
  •  

    Prevention

    Latest diabetes prevention tips from the American Diabetes Association.

     

    Tip 1: Get more physical activity. There are many benefits to regular physical activity. Exercise can help you:

  • Lose weight
  • Lower your blood sugar
  • Boosts your sensitivity to insulin — which helps keep your blood sugar within a normal range

Research shows that both aerobic exercise and resistance training can help control diabetes, but the greatest benefit comes from a fitness program that includes both.

 

Tip 2: Get plenty of fiber. It's rough, it's tough — and it may help you:

  • Reduce your risk of diabetes by improving your blood sugar control
  • Lower your risk of heart disease
  • Promote weight loss by helping you feel full
  • Foods high in fiber include fruits, vegetables, beans, whole grains, nuts and seeds.
  •  

    Tip 3: Go for whole grains. Although it's not clear why, whole grains may reduce your risk of diabetes and help maintain blood sugar levels. Try to make at least half your grains whole grains. Many foods made from whole grains come ready to eat, including various breads, pasta products and many cereals. Look for the word "whole" on the package and among the first few items in the ingredient list.

     

    Tip 4: Lose extra weight. If you're overweight, diabetes prevention may hinge on weight loss. Every pound you lose can improve your health. And you may be surprised by how much. In one study, overweight adults reduced their diabetes risk by 16 percent for every kilogram (2.2 pounds) of weight lost. Also, those who lost a modest amount of weight — at least 5 to 10 percent of initial body weight — and exercised regularly reduced the risk of developing diabetes by almost 60 percent over three years.

     

    Tip 5: Skip fad diets and make healthier choices. Low-carb diets, the glycemic index diet or other fad diets may help you lose weight at first, but their effectiveness at preventing diabetes isn't known nor are their long-term effects. And by excluding or strictly limiting a particular food group, you may be giving up essential nutrients. Instead, think variety and portion control as part of an overall healthy-eating plan.

     

  • When to see your doctor

 

If you're older than age 45 and your weight is normal, ask your doctor if diabetes testing is appropriate for you. The American Diabetes Association recommends blood glucose screening if:

  • You're age 45 or older and overweight
  • You're younger than age 45 and overweight with one or more additional risk factors for type 2 diabetes — such as a sedentary lifestyle or a family history of diabetes

 

    Share your concerns about diabetes prevention with your doctor. He or she will applaud your efforts to keep diabetes at bay, and perhaps offer additional suggestions based on your medical history or other factors.

     

    Sources: American Diabetes Association World Health Organization (http://www.who.int/topics/diabetes_mellitus/en/) http://blogs.inquirer.net http://dine.racoma.com.ph

ActiveOne Health

 

Head Office:

9th Floor 88 Corporate Center
141 Sedeno corner Valero Streets
Salcedo Village, Makati City 1227
Tel: +632-893 2925 / 817 7372 /
         856 7939 to 40
 

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Baguio Office:

Ground Floor, EDY Building,
No. 144 Kisad Road, Baguio City 2600
Tel: +63 74 442 1439

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Osmeña Boulevard, Cebu City 6000
Telefax: +63 32 236 6986
 

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